SYMPTOMS & CAUSES OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE (HYPERTENSION)

By starting, high blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease eaxample heart attack.

But blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, hence higher your blood pressure.

You can have high blood pressure (hypertension) for years without any symptoms. Even without symptoms, damage to blood vessels and your heart continues and can be detected. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke.

Normally high blood pressure generally grow and develop over many years, and it affects nearly everyone eventually. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected. And once you know you have high blood pressure, you can work with your doctor to control it, (hypertension).

UNDERSTAND THE SYMPTOMS

Always most people with high blood pressure have nosymptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels (abnormal).

A few people with high blood pressure may have, the followings;
● headaches
●shortness of breath and
●nosebleeds
But these signs and symptoms aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe.

DID YOU KNOW THE PERFECT TIME VISIT A DOCTOR

Visit your doctor, and ask him/her for a blood pressure reading at least every two years starting at age 18. If you’re age 40 or older, or you’re 18 to 39 with a high risk of high blood pressure, ask your doctor for a blood pressure reading every year as possible.

Normally blood pressure generally should be checked in both arms to determine if there’s a difference. It’s important to use an appropriate-sized arm cuff.

And your doctor will likely recommend more frequent readings if you’ve already been diagnosed with high blood pressure or have other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Children age 3 and older will usually have blood pressure measured as a part of their yearly checkups.

If you don’t regularly see/visit your doctor, you may be able to get a free blood pressure screening at a health resource fair or other locations in your community. You can also find machines in some stores that will measure your blood pressure for free.

By using public blood pressure machines, such as those found in many pharmacies, may provide helpful information about your blood pressure, but they may have some limitations. The accuracy of these machines depends on several factors, such as a correct cuff size and proper use of the machines. Ask your doctor for further advice on using public blood pressure machines.

UNDERSTAND IT’S CAUSES

two types of high blood pressure.

1.Primary hypertension

For most adults, there’s no identifiable cause of high blood pressure. This type of high blood pressure, called primary (essential) hypertension, tends to develop gradually over mhypertension

2.Secondary hypertension

Most of the people have high blood pressure caused by several condition. This type of high blood pressure, called secondary hypertension, tends to appear suddenly and is mostly cause higher blood pressure than does primary hypertension. Various conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension, as shown below:

●Kidney problems
●Adrenal gland tumors
●Thyroid complication

AWARE WTH RISK FACTORS

High blood pressure has alot of risk factors, as follows

●Age
The risk of high blood pressure increases as you age. Until about age 64, high blood pressure is more common in men. Women are more likely to develop high blood pressure after age 65 and above.

●Race (skin color)
High blood pressure is particularly common among people of African heritage, often developing at an earlier age than it does in whites. Serious complications, such as stroke, heart attack and kidney failure, also are more common in people of African.

●Family background
High blood pressure tends to run in families, most used to recall for past generation existed befor.

●Being overweight
The more you weigh the more blood you need to supply oxygen and nutrients to your tissues. As the volume of blood circulated through your blood vessels increases, hence pressure, so does the pressure on your artery walls.

Unable to be physically active and fit
People who are inactive tend to have higher heart rates. The higher your heart rate, the harder your heart must work with each contraction and the stronger the force on your arteries. Lack of physical activity also increases the risk of being overweight.

●Severe Use of tobacco
Not only does smoking or chewing tobacco immediately raise your blood pressure temporarily, but the chemicals in tobacco can damage the lining of your artery walls. This can cause your arteries to narrow and increase your risk of heart disease. Secondhand smoke also can increase your heart disease risk.

●Too much usage of salt
(sodium) in your diet. Too much sodium in your diet can cause your body to retain fluid, which increases blood pressure.

●Too much alcohol
Over time, heavy drinking can damage your heart. Having more than one drink a day for women and more than two drinks a day for men may affect your blood pressure.

Although high blood pressure is most common in adults, children may be at risk, too. For some children, high blood pressure is caused by problems with the kidneys or heart. But for a growing number of kids, poor lifestyle habits, such as an unhealthy diet, obesity and lack of exercise, contribute to high bloo Complications.

HEART ATTACK COMPLICATION

Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to complications including:

●Heart attack or stroke
High blood pressure can cause hardening and thickening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), which can lead to a heart attack, stroke or other complications.
Aneurysm. Increased blood pressure can cause your blood vessels to weaken and bulge, forming an aneurysm. If an aneurysm ruptures, it can be life-threatening.

●Heart failure
To pump blood against the higher pressure in your vessels, the heart has to work harder. This causes the walls of the heart’s pumping chamber to thicken (left ventricular hypertrophy). Eventually, the thickened muscle may have a hard time pumping enough blood to meet your body’s needs, which can lead to heart failure, since can lead to death.

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