PREVENTION AND TREATMENTS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE TREATMENTS
Know that, always a person’s blood pressure normally varies throughout the day and is usually become lower during sleep and become higher during periods of stress or activity. Because of this variability, blood pressure readings at two separate office visits help determine whether a patient’s usual blood pressures are high than normal.
And usually, the goal of treatment is to reduce blood pressure to below 140/90 . Because of the increased risk of complications in adults with coronary artery disease, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease, the treatment goal in these groups is a blood pressure below 130/80.
High blood pressure (Hypertension) is initially treated with lifestyle changes. However, in most cases, physicians recommend a combination of lifestyle changes and antihypertensive medications to control blood pressure, from worse condition.
CHANGING LIFE STYLE
●Ensure that, Dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) emphasize vegetables, fruit, whole grains, low-fat and low-sodium foods
●Maintain Healthy body weight
●Stress management and relaxation
Also, physicians may prescribe one or more medications based on a patient’s response to treatment, other medical problems, and tolerance of side effects.
●Diuretics, also known as water pills, simulate the kidneys to remove water and salt.
●Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors block the body’s production of angiotensin II (a hormone that constricts blood vessels and causes hypertension).
●A dry cough is the most common side effect.
●Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) prevent angiotensin II from acting on blood vessel receptors. ARBs have fewer side effects than ACE inhibitors.
●Calcium channel blockers prevent calcium from acting on blood vessels. These drugs relax (vasodilate) the blood vessels.
●Beta-blockers decrease the heart rate and also act as vasodilators. Side effects include severe slowing of the heart rate and exacerbation of asthma.
Vasodilators work by directly relaxing the walls of the blood vessels,
All in all, high blood pressure is a lifelong condition that requires continuation treatment after the blood pressure is under control. Because hypertension is asymptomatic, many patients do not properly adhere to their treatment regimens, making the condition difficult to Prevention
Normally, hypertension is preventable with lifestyle factors, such as:
●Maintaining a low-fat and low-sodium diet (meals)
●Adopting a good body exercise regimen
●Maintenance of a normal body weight4
●Smoking cessation or abandon at all
●Stress management and control.