HEART ATTACK, causes, prevention & treatments

HEART ATTACK TREATMENT

Sometimes it is clear that, a person who is having a heart attack will stop breathing. In this case, cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, should be started immediately.

This process involves the followings:

●manual chest compressions a defibrillator. Treatments following a heart attack

Most people will need several kinds of medications or treatments after a heart attack. The aim of these measures is to prevent future heart attacks occurring to person. They may include the following:

●aspirin and other antiplatelets
●ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors
●statins and
●angioplasty
●CABG or coronary artery bypass graft

MEANING
A heart attack is a medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart becomes blocked, often as the result of a blood clot. Other common terms used for a heart attack include
●myocardial infarction
●cardiac infarction, and
●coronary thrombosis
An infarction is when the blood supply to an area is cut off under abnormal circumstances, and the tissue in that area dies.

A heart atconfused often confused for a cardiac arrest. While they are both medical emergencies, a heart attack is the blockage of an artery leading to the heart, and a cardiac arrest involves the heart stopping the pumping of blood around the body. A heart attack can lead to cardiac

HOW IS PREVENTED

The good and best way of preventing a heart attack is to have a good healthy lifestyle. Measures for healthy living include the following:
●Avoid smoking
●eating a balanced diet
●Body exercise
●getting plenty of good quality sleep
●diabates under control
●keeping alcohol intake down
●maintaining blood cholesteloh at optimum/normal levels
●keeping blood pressure normal
●maintaining a healthy body weight
●avoiding stress where possible
It may be helpful for people to learn more about the warning signs of a heart attack, as well.

UNDERSTAND THE DIAGNOSIS

Any doctor, nurse, or healthcare professional will send someone straight to hospital if they suspect they may be having a heart attack. Once there, several tests may be done, including:

●Electrocardiograph
●cardiac enzyme tests
●chest Recovery
Recovering from a heart attack can be a gradual process. It depends on the severity of the heart attack and other factors, such as a person’s age.A person’s recovery may involve the following:
Resuming physical activity
It is vital that a recovering heart attack patient stays active. However, a specialist should design any exercise program for them.

Returning to work
The appropriate time for someone to go back to work depends on various factors, including the severity of the heart attack and the type of job they do. It is vital not to rush back to work.
A period of depression: many people who have had a heart attack experience depression not long afterward. Those who feel depressed or anxious should tell their doctors.

Driving again
Experts advise that a person refrains from driving for at least 4 weeks after a heart attack.
Erectile dysfunction: approximately one-third of men have problems getting or sustaining an erection after a heart attack.
It is important that men with erectile dysfunction talk to their doctors, as medication can restore function in most cases.

Know that, xperts say that sexual activity does not raise a person’s risk of having another heart attack.

HEART ATTACK CAUSES

The following factors are associated with the increase risk af heart attack:

●Personal Age: Heart attacks are more likely when a man is over 45, and when a woman is over 55.
●High cholesterol levels: These can increase the chance of blood clots in the arteries.
●Diabetes, both types: This can increase heart attack risk.
●Diet: For example, consuming large quantities of saturated fats can increase the likelihood of a heart attack.
●Genetics: A person can inherit a higher risk of heart attack.
●Heart surgery: This can lead to a heart attack later on.
●Hypertension: High blood pressure can put unnecessary strain on the heart.
●Obesity: Being significantly overweight can put pressure on the heart.
●Previous heart attack.
●Severe Smoking: Smokers are at much higher risk than non-smokers.
●HIV/AIDS: People who are HIV-positive have a

50% have a higher risk.

Severe stress
Those who are shift workers or have stressful jobs can face a higher heart attack risk.
Physical inactivity is a factor in heart attack risk, and the more active people are, the lower their risk of having a heart attack.

Often, when it occurs, a heart attack is caused by a combination of factors, rather than a single one, as analysed above those
combinations of factors.

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